Dec 22, 2022
Here are the highlights.
On Sunday morning (18.12.22), the EU Parliament and Council agreed on a new reform of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) to reduce industrial emissions. More funding should flow into climate-friendly technologies.
To achieve this reduction, the EU-wide quantity of permits will be reduced by 90 million metric tons of CO2 equivalents in 2024 and 27 million metric tons in 2026 on a one-time basis. In addition, 4.3% fewer allowances will be issued each year between 2024 and 2027, and 4.4% fewer from 2028 to 2030.
For the industry, free emission allowances will be phased out as shown in our graph below. The Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) agreement is designed to prevent carbon leakage to non-EU countries and will be introduced in parallel with the phase-out of free ETS allowances.
This is one year later than proposed by the Commission. If energy prices are exceptionally high, ETS II may be delayed until 2028 to protect citizens from excessive costs. A new price stability mechanism will also be introduced. For instance, 20 million additional ETS II allowances will be released if the price of an allowance rises above EUR 45.
All revenues from the ETS (both the existing one and the new one for transportation and buildings) will have to be spent on climate protection measures.
While many believe this update on ETS is progress but not ambitious enough in light of the climate emergency, it is clear that CO2 reduction must be a priority for all sectors of the economy to avoid the high costs to come.